Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects your body's ability to remove toxins and waste. If you've been diagnosed with the disease, you'll need to make a few lifestyle changes and visit your Los Angeles, CA, nephrologist, Dr. Victor Carabello, regularly.
Common causes of CKD
CKD occurs when your kidneys become damaged and can't remove waste products as efficiently as they once did. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of CKD. In fact, these conditions cause two-thirds of CKD cases, according to The National Kidney Foundation.
In addition to diabetes and high blood pressure, chronic kidney disease causes can include:
- Certain kidney diseases, like polycystic kidney disease or glomerulonephritis
- Kidney injuries
- Medication side effects
- Kidney malformations
- Lead poisoning
- Kidney stones
- Multiple urinary tract infections
- Narrowing of the renal (kidney) arteries
Some people are more likely to get CKD than others. Your risk may be higher if you are over 65, have a family history of CKD, or are in one of these groups: Asian and Pacific Islanders, American Indians, Hispanic Americans, or African Americans.
During your visit to the Los Angeles, CA, nephrology office, your doctor will discuss chronic kidney disease symptoms with you. If you have CKD, you may experience:
- Fatigue and lower energy than normal
- Muscle cramps
- Dry or itchy skin
- Back pain
- Loss of appetite
- Shortness of breath
- Swollen feet and ankles
- Trouble concentrating
- Puffy eyes
- Frequent urination
- Bloody or foamy urine
Treatment for CKD varies depending on the stage of the disease. No matter what the stage, your doctor may advise you to make a few changes in your life, such as:
- Limiting fat and sodium in the foods you eat
- Following a healthier diet
- Losing weight
- Exercising often
- Keeping high blood pressure, diabetes, cholesterol, and other conditions under control
- Improving sleep
- Avoiding smoking and alcohol
Your nephrologist can prescribe medications that treat swelling, anemia, and other symptoms. If you have late-stage CKD, you may need dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Keep your chronic kidney disease under control with regular visits to Dr. Carabello. Call (323) 526-2880 to schedule an appointment at his Los Angeles, CA, office.